K12 (LRN:NYS) Fundamental Valuation Report

Fundamental Valuation Report


Consumer Defensive:Education & Training Services

This Report was generated using the valuation tools available on StockCalc.com. For a free 30 day trial click here.

Close Price/Date
$23.13 (USD) 12/11/2018

Weighted Valuation
$22.66 (USD)

Overall Rating
Fairly valued to slightly Overvalued by 2.0%

Valuation Models Analyst Consensus: $25.00 (USD)
(in order of importance) Multiples: $19.14 (USD)
Valuation Methods This company is:
Cash Flow: Undervalued on a Cash Flow Valuation
Comparable Company: Undervalued on a Comparable Valuation
Asset: Overvalued on an Asset Valuation

Company Overview (LRN:NYS USD)

Price 23.13
Range 23.06 – 23.56
52 week 12.96 – 23.21
Open 23.25
Vol / Avg. 240767/459953
Mkt cap 929.68M
P/E 34.52
Div/yield 0.00/0.00
EPS 0.68
Shares 40.19M
Beta -0.07

Company Description

K12 Inc is an American online educational company. The company offers alternative programs to traditional on-campus schooling. K12 also operates state-funded virtual charter schools around the United States. The educational programs for K-12 students are usually monitored by parents and provide virtual classroom environments where teachers meet with students online, by phone, or in-person. The company’s contractual agreements with various school districts to offer its curriculum programs provide a majority of the company’s revenue. The company lines of buisness are Managed Public School Programs, Institutional, and Private Pay Schools and Other.

Valuation Details

 We have up to 6 valuation points for each company. Details are at the bottom of the report.

Discounted Cash Flow and Sensitivity Analysis for LRN:NYS

Using a discounted cash flow model we generated an intrinsic value of $34.54 (USD) for LRN:NYS

Sensitivity Analysis

(showing how changes in the input variables impact the DCF calculation)

LRN:NYS Current Values Valuation If Dropped * Valuation If Raised *
Calculated Value: $34.54 1% 5% 1% 5%
WACC (or Ke) 11.11 $39.55 $30.63
Terminal Growth Rate 3.00 $31.16 $38.88
Tax Rate 0.03 $36.47 $32.62
Cash Flow 142,509,498 $32.63 $36.45
Capital Expenditures -6,651,600 $34.47 $34.61
Long Term Debt 27,752,000 $34.57 $34.51

* Changes are absolute: ex WACC from 8% to 7%

Comparables Model

Using similar companies and price based ratios we generated a valuation of $33.27 (USD) for LRN:NYS. We also generated a valuation of $43.13 (USD) using other metrics and comparables.
The comparable companies were Chegg (CHGG:NYS), Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMHC:NAS), Laureate Education (LAUR:NAS) and Strategic Education (STRA:NAS).

Company LRN:NYS End Date Value
Earnings/Share $0.67 (USD)
Book Value/Share $14.32 (USD)
Sales/Share $23.23 (USD)
Cash Flow/Share $2.79 (USD)
EBITDA/Share $2.49 (USD)
Price Based on Comps Adjustment Factor (%)
$37.41 (USD) 15.7
$82.23 (USD) -56.4
$33.99 (USD) -53.7
$63.04 (USD) -37.9
$49.06 (USD) -34.1
31.96 PE Ratio 55.84 0.00 0.00 11.82 99.86
1.49 PB Ratio 5.74 8.07 1.13 1.57 12.20
0.92 PS Ratio 3.65 10.20 0.59 0.69 3.10
7.67 PCF Ratio 22.82 46.16 7.40 11.10 26.60
7.35 EV to EBITDA 80.78 264.04 8.51 5.51 45.07


Using a multiples approach we generated a valuation of  $19.14 (USD) for LRN:NYS

Company LRN:NYS End Date Value
Earnings/Share $0.67 (USD)
Book Value/Share $14.32 (USD)
Sales/Share $23.23 (USD)
Cash Flow/Share $2.79 (USD)
EBITDA/Share $2.49 (USD)
Price Based on Comps Adjustment Factor
$39.36 (USD) 0
$15.41 (USD) 0
$15.10 (USD) 0
$16.27 (USD) 0
$9.57 (USD) 0
Ratios Ratio Average
PE Ratio 58.75
PB Ratio 1.08
PS Ratio 0.65
PCF Ratio 5.83
EV to EBITDA 3.84

Adjusted Book Value versus Historical Price to Book

The average the Price to Book ratio for  LRN:NYS for the last 10 years was  1.08

We ran the Adjusted Book Value for  LRN:NYS and generated a book value of  $14.55 (USD)
By multiplying these we get an adjusted valuation of  $15.68 (USD)

Analyst Data

In the Stockcalc database there are 2 analysts that provide a valuation for LRN:NYS. The 2 analysts have a concensus valuation for LRN:NYS for 2019 of $25.00 (USD).


Analyst Recommendation
Buy Hold Sell Rating
(of 5)
Guidance As Of
2 0 0 5.0000 Buy 2018-11-9

Current Price: 23.13 USD

Analyst Consensus
USD Millions 2019 2020
Mean EPS 0.76 0.86
# EPS Analysts 2 2
Mean Revenue 1,003.60 1,058.40
# Revenue Analysts 2 2
Mean Target Price 25.00
Mean Cash Flow
Mean EBITDA 118.20 127.70
Mean Net Income 31.70 35.80
Mean Debt Outstanding
Mean Tax Rate 26.90 28.75
Mean Growth Rate 15.00
Mean Capital Expenditure

Explanation of Valuation Models

We have up to 6 valuation points for each company in the database.

The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) valuation is a cash flow model where cash flow projections are discounted back to the present to calculate value per share. DCF is a common valuation technique especially for companies undergoing irregular cash flows such as resource companies (mining, forestry, oil and gas) going though price cycles or smaller companies about to generate cash flow (junior exploration companies, junior pharma, technology firms…).

The Price Comparables valuation is the result of valuing the company we are looking at on the basis of ratios from selected comparable companies: Price to Earnings, Price to Book, Price to Sales, Price to Cash Flow, Enterprise Value (EV) to EBITDA. Each of these ratios for the selected comparable companies are averaged and multiplied by the values for the company we are interested in to calculate a value per share for our selected company.

We have included the Other Comparables as a way to value companies that cannot be valued using Earnings based ratios. This technique is very useful for companies still experiencing negative cash flows such as mining exploration firms. We use Cash/Share, Book Value/Share, MarketCap, 1 Year Return, NetPPE as the ratios here. Each of these ratios for the selected comparable companies are averaged and multiplied by the values for the company we are interested in to calculate a value per share for our selected company.

Multiples are similar to Price comparables where we look at current or historic ratios for the company in question to assess what it should be worth today based on those historic ratios. We use the same 5 ratios as in the price comparables and value the company with its historic averages.

With Adjusted Book Value (ABV) we calculate the book value per share for the company based on its balance sheet and multiply that book value per share by its historical price to book ratio to calculate a value per share.

If we have Analyst coverage for the company we use the consensus target price here.

Notice to User

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