Indigo Books & Music (IDG:TSE) Fundamental Valuation Report

Fundamental Valuation Report

Indigo Books & Music(IDG:TSE)

Consumer Cyclical:Specialty Retail

This Report was generated using the valuation tools available on For a free 30 day trial click here.

Close Price/Date
$7.40 (CAD) 29/05/2019

Weighted Valuation
$14.34 (CAD)

Overall Rating
Undervalued by 93.8%

Valuation Models Analyst Consensus: $21.00 (CAD)
(in order of importance) Discounted Cash Flow: $5.98 (CAD)
Comparables: $11.08 (CAD)
Valuation Methods This company is:
Cash Flow: Overvalued on a Cash Flow Valuation
Comparable Company: Undervalued on a Comparable Valuation
Asset: Undervalued on an Asset Valuation

Company Overview (IDG:TSE CAD)

Price 7.40
Range 7.21 – 9.16
52 week 7.40 – 18.19
Open 9.16
Vol / Avg. 215263/18476
Mkt cap 200.81M
P/E 0.00
Div/yield 0.00/0.00
EPS -1.35
Shares 27.14M
Beta -0.04

Company Description

Indigo Books & Music Inc is a Canada-based book, gift, and toy retailer. The company operates a chain of retail bookstores across all Canada, including approximately 89 superstores under Indigo and Chapters banners names as well as over 100 small format stores under the banners Coles, Indigospirit, SmithBooks, and The Book company. Its digital platforms sell expanded selection of books, gifts, toys, and paper products. It also has interest in Calendar Club of Canada, which operates seasonal kiosks and year-round stores in shopping malls across Canada. The company generates its revenue from Superstores, Small format stores, Online, and Others.

Valuation Details

 We have up to 6 valuation points for each company. Details are at the bottom of the report.

Discounted Cash Flow and Sensitivity Analysis for IDG:TSE

Using a discounted cash flow model we generated an intrinsic value of $5.98 (CAD) for IDG:TSE

Sensitivity Analysis

(showing how changes in the input variables impact the DCF calculation)

IDG:TSE Current Values Valuation If Dropped * Valuation If Raised *
Calculated Value: $5.98 1% 5% 1% 5%
WACC (or Ke) 11.50 $6.84 $5.30
Terminal Growth Rate 3.00 $5.32 $6.82
Tax Rate 0.29 $6.82 $5.14
Cash Flow 54,562,894 $5.18 $6.78
Capital Expenditures -21,324,600 $5.68 $6.29
Long Term Debt 21,000 $5.98 $5.98

* Changes are absolute: ex WACC from 8% to 7%

Comparables Model

Using similar companies and price based ratios we generated a valuation of $11.08 (CAD) for IDG:TSE. We also generated a valuation of $18.10 (CAD) using other metrics and comparables.
The comparable companies were BMTC Group (GBT:TSE) and New Look Vision Group (BCI:TSE).

Company IDG:TSE End Date Value
Earnings/Share ($1.35) (CAD)
Book Value/Share $14.62 (CAD)
Sales/Share $39.16 (CAD)
Cash Flow/Share $0.64 (CAD)
EBITDA/Share $0.00 (CAD)
Price Based on Comps Adjustment Factor (%)
$0.00 (CAD) -0.3
$0.00 (CAD) -73.0
$0.00 (CAD) -77.1
$7.82 (CAD) 51.0
$0.00 (CAD) -65.1
IDG:TSE Ratios Used Average Values GBT:TSE BCI:TSE
0.00 PE Ratio 21.90 9.90 33.91
0.63 PB Ratio 2.86 2.05 3.67
0.24 PS Ratio 1.13 0.60 1.66
14.40 PCF Ratio 12.15 10.45 13.85
0.00 EV to EBITDA 9.75 6.66 12.83


Using a multiples approach we generated a valuation of  $11.72 (CAD) for IDG:TSE

Company IDG:TSE End Date Value
Earnings/Share ($1.35) (CAD)
Book Value/Share $14.62 (CAD)
Sales/Share $39.16 (CAD)
Cash Flow/Share $0.64 (CAD)
EBITDA/Share $1.95 (CAD)
Price Based on Comps Adjustment Factor
$0.00 (CAD) 0
$16.01 (CAD) 0
$15.51 (CAD) 0
$8.29 (CAD) 0
$7.06 (CAD) 0
Ratios Ratio Average
PE Ratio 20.66
PB Ratio 1.10
PS Ratio 0.40
PCF Ratio 12.88
EV to EBITDA 3.61

Adjusted Book Value versus Historical Price to Book

The average the Price to Book ratio for  IDG:TSE for the last 10 years was  1.08

We ran the Adjusted Book Value for  IDG:TSE and generated a book value of  $14.80 (CAD)
By multiplying these we get an adjusted valuation of  $16.00 (CAD)

Analyst Data

In the Stockcalc database there are 2 analysts that provide a valuation for IDG:TSE. The 2 analysts have a concensus valuation for IDG:TSE for 2020 of $21.00 (CAD).

IDG:TSE Indigo Books & Music

Analyst Recommendation
Buy Hold Sell Rating
(of 5)
Guidance As Of
1 0 0 4.5000 Outperform 2019-5-28

Current Price: 7.4 CAD

Analyst Consensus
CAD Millions 2020 2021
Mean EPS 0.75 0.62
# EPS Analysts 2 1
Mean Revenue 1,163.10 1,174.50
# Revenue Analysts 2 1
Mean Target Price 21.00
Mean Cash Flow
Mean Net Income
Mean Debt Outstanding
Mean Tax Rate
Mean Growth Rate
Mean Capital Expenditure

Explanation of Valuation Models

We have up to 6 valuation points for each company in the database.
The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) valuation is a cash flow model where cash flow projections are discounted back to the present to calculate value per share. DCF is a common valuation technique especially for companies undergoing irregular cash flows such as resource companies (mining, forestry, oil and gas) going though price cycles or smaller companies about to generate cash flow (junior exploration companies, junior pharma, technology firms…).
The Price Comparables valuation is the result of valuing the company we are looking at on the basis of ratios from selected comparable companies: Price to Earnings, Price to Book, Price to Sales, Price to Cash Flow, Enterprise Value (EV) to EBITDA. Each of these ratios for the selected comparable companies are averaged and multiplied by the values for the company we are interested in to calculate a value per share for our selected company.
We have included the Other Comparables as a way to value companies that cannot be valued using Earnings based ratios. This technique is very useful for companies still experiencing negative cash flows such as mining exploration firms. We use Cash/Share, Book Value/Share, MarketCap, 1 Year Return, NetPPE as the ratios here. Each of these ratios for the selected comparable companies are averaged and multiplied by the values for the company we are interested in to calculate a value per share for our selected company.
Multiples are similar to Price comparables where we look at current or historic ratios for the company in question to assess what it should be worth today based on those historic ratios. We use the same 5 ratios as in the price comparables and value the company with its historic averages.
With Adjusted Book Value (ABV) we calculate the book value per share for the company based on its balance sheet and multiply that book value per share by its historical price to book ratio to calculate a value per share.
If we have Analyst coverage for the company we use the consensus target price here.

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